RUMUS TENSES + CONTOHNYA

RUMUS TENSES + CONTOHNYA

 

1 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Simple present tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan/ menggambarkan suatu peristiwa/kejadian/kebiasaan setiap saat sekarang dalam bentuk yang paling sederhana dan merupakan tindakan atau aktivitas sehari-hari atau yang dilakukan berulang-ulang.

Rumus :

Kalimat Verbal
(+) Subject+Verb 1 (s/es)+Object
(-) Subject+do/does not+V1
(?) Do/does+Subject+V1
 Kalimat Nominal
(+) Subject+to be+noun, adjective, adverb
(-) Subject+to be+not+noun, adjective, adverb
(?) To be+Subject+noun, adjective, adverb

Contoh :

Kalimat Verbal

(+) The cat eats little meat in the room

(-) She does not come here

(?) Does he go to Bali every weekend ?

Kalimat Nominal

(+) She is very rich

(-) I am not a doctor

(?) Are you a new student here ?
2 PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa/kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung saat ini dan peristiwa atau kegiatan yang akan segera terjadi/ dilaksanakan.

Rumus :
(+) Subject+to be (is/am/are)+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb
(-) Subject+to be+not+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb
(?) To be+subject+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb
 Contoh Kalimat :

(+) He is playing guitar now

(-) They are not watching TV

(?) Is she singing a song for us ?

3 PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang dimulai pada waktu lampau dan telah selesai dikerjakan pada waktu sekarang.

Pola Kalimat
(+) Subject+have/has+been/Verb-3+object, adjective, adverb
(-) Subject+have/has+not+been/V-3+object, adjective, adverb
(?) Have/has+Subject+V-3+object, adjective, adverb
 Contoh Kalimat

(+) She has seen this movie three times

(-) Dian has not lived in the sam house for five years

(?) Has he read the book ?

4 PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE                                                         

Present perfect continous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan dalam waktu lampau dan masih terus dikerjakan diwaktu sekarang.                                                  

Rumus :

Pola Kalimat
(+) Subject+have/has+been+Verb-ing+object, adjective, adverb
(-) Subject+have/has+not+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb
(?) Have/has+been+Subject+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh Kalimat :

(+) The government has been trying hard to cope with the problems

(-) He has not been working since an hour ago

(?) Has he been practising taekwondo for two hours

5 SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang dilakukan pada saat tertentu di waktu lampau.

 Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+Verb-2+ object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+did not+V-1+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Did+Subject+Verb-1+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh kalimat

(+) Mr. Agus bought this car last year

(-) They did not invite her to the party

(?) Did the students understand your lesson ?

6 PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

Untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang sedang terjadi atau kegiatan yang sedang dilakukan disaat tertentu diwaktu lampau

 Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+be (was/were)+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+was/were+not+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Was/were+Subject+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh Kalimat

(+) He was playing with the kids when she came home

(-) I were not  writing a letter when my brother arrived

(?) Was she singing a song when her parents came ?

7 PAST PERFECT TENSE

Untuk menyatakan peristiwa/kegiatan yang telah terjadi / selesai diwaktu lampau, pada waktu kegiatan lain terjadi/ dilakukan

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+had+been/V-3+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+had+not+been/V-3+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Had+subject+V-3+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh kalimat

(+) The train had left before i arrived

(-) I had not copied the lesson before she came home

(?) Had I swabbed floor when you arrived ?

8 PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang masih dilanjutkan diwaktu lampau pada waktu kegiatan lain terjadi.

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+had+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+had+not+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Had+subject+been+ V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh Kalimat :

(+) I had been doing homework for 30 minutes when you called yesterday

(-) We had not been playing football when there was a storm

(?) Had mother been cooking when i came ?

9 SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Untuk menyatakan peristiwa/kegiatan yang akan terjadi / dikerjakan diwaktu yang akan datang

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+will/shall+be/Verb-1+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+will/shall+not+be/Verb-1+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Will/shall+Subject+be/V-1+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh kalimat :

(+) I will invite you tomorrow

(-) We shall not go to Jakarta next week

(?) Will he go to Papua next month ?

10 FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan sedang dikerjakan diwaktu yang akan datang

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+will/shall+be+Verb-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+will/shall+not+be+Verb-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Will/shall+Subject+be+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh Kalimat :

(+) He will be having a meeting tomorrow afternoon

(-) Dina will not going to course next week

(?) Will she singing a song tonight ?

11 FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan telah selesai dikerjakan pada waktu yang akan datang

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+will/shall+have+V-3+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+will/shall+not+have+Verb-3+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Will/shall+Subject+have+V-3+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh kalimat

(+) They will have finished their work by Monday

(-) She will not have bought a book

(?) Will Reny not have been at market ?

12 FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah dimulai dan masih terus dikerjakan diwaktu yang akan datang.

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+will/shall+have+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+will/shall+not+have+been+Verb-ing+object, adj, adverb

(?) Will/shall+Subject+have+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

Contoh kalimat :

(+) We will have been living here for two years by the end of this year

(-) She will not have been studying english for three weeks

(?) Will they have been choosing the chairman ?

13 PAST FUTURE TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan dikerjakan di waktu lampau, seandainya

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+should/would+Verb-1

(-) Subject+should/would+not+V-1

(?) Would/should+Subject+V-1

Contoh kalimat

(+) He would join her if he finished the meeting on time

(-) I would not come

(?) Would she arrive yesterday ?

14 PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan sedang dikerjakan di waktu lampau, seandainya

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+should/would+be+Verb-ing

(-) Subject+should/would+not+be+Verb-ing

(?) Would/should+Subject+be+Verb-ing

Contoh Kalimat

(+) He would be waiting for you if you came last night

(-) She would not be going with him if he cheat her

(?) Would mother be  cooking when i came ?

15 PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah selesai dikerjakan diwaktu lampau

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+should/would+have+Verb-3

(-) Subject+should/would+not+have+Verb3

(?) Would/should+Subject+have+Verb3

Contoh Kalimat

(+) She would have cooked his favorite dish if she had time to shop

(-) He would not have  asked her to marry him if she had left him

(?) Would she have come here if she had called him ?

16 PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Pola Kalimat

(+) Subject+should/would+have+been+Verb-ing

(-) Subject+should/would+not+have+been+ Verb-ing

(?) Would/should+Subject+have+been+Verb-ing

Contoh Kalimat

(+) Dani  would have been working for 6 years when he get fired

(-) He would not have been practising singing if he had been ill

(?) Would Chris have been working for 6 years when he get fired?

NAMA                     :   ANITA PURWATI

KELAS                    :    4EA21

NPM                        :    10210891

TUGAS                   :    SOFTSKILL

Tentang anitapurwati

kalo kata orang baik, cantik, wangi, ceria wkwk
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